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Periodontal disease is an infection of the tissues that support your teeth. Your gum tissue is not attached to the teeth as high as it may seem. There is a very shallow v-shaped crevice called a sulcus between the tooth and gums. Periodontal diseases attack just below the gum line in the sulcus, where they cause the attachment of the tooth and its supporting tissues to break down. As the tissues are damaged, the sulcus develops into a pocket: generally, the more severe the disease, the greater the depth of the pocket.

Periodontal diseases are classified according to the severity of the disease. The two major stages are gingivitis and periodontitis. Gingivitis is a milder and reversible form of periodontal disease that only affects the gums. Gingivitis may lead to more serious, destructive forms of periodontal disease called periodontitis.

Some factors increase the risk of developing periodontal disease:

Tobacco smoking or chewing
Systemic diseases such as diabetes

Some types of medication such as steroids, some types of anti-epilepsy drugs, cancer therapy drugs, some calcium channel blockers and oral contraceptives

Bridges that no longer fit properly.

Crooked teeth

Fillings that have become defective

Pregnancy or use of oral contraceptives

Several warning signs that can signal a problem:

Gums that bleed easily
Red, swollen, tender gums

Gums that have pulled away from the teeth

Persistent bad breath or bad taste

Permanent teeth that are loose or separating

Any change in the way your teeth fit together when you bite

Any change in the fit of partial dentures

It is possible to have periodontal disease and have no warning signs. That is one reason why regular dental checkups periodontal examinations are important. Treatment methods depend upon the type of disease and how far the progressed. Good oral hygiene home is essential to help keep periodontal disease from becoming serious or recurring. You don’t have to lose teeth to disease. Brush and clean between your teeth, eat a balanced diet, and schedule regular dental visits for
a lifetime of healthy smiles.
Barry C. Willis, DDS, General Dentist has been providing  quality dental treatment for all ages in a relaxed setting for over 20 years for the residents of Chino Valley and surrounding communities.